Ottoman Empire Maps
Ottoman Empire Map, Short History, Facts
Ottoman Empire was founded in 1299 by Osman Ghazi and consistently grew from 1299 to 1683. The first 10 rulers of the Ottoman Empire is considered as the most successful kings.
Ottomans Kings carried these titles: Sultan (Arabic: King, Ruler), Padişah (Persian: Shah Of the World), Khan (Turkish: Referring to ancestors from Central Asia)
Additionally the first two rulers, Osman I and Orhan were called as Ghazi (The warrior) since the Ottomans were no more than a warlike principality then. Murad I (1362-1389) considered as the first Sultan, since he built the foundations of Ottoman army, society, laws of the Ottoman State.
The Ottoman Sultans also carried the title of Caliph (Halifa) from the time of Selim I (1512-1520). Caliph is an Islamic title. Meaning the spiritual leader of Islamic World. This religious title was used by the Ottoman Sultans after the conquest of Mecca and Medina.
Ottoman Empire Map, Short History, Facts
Here are useful Ottoman Empire Maps to show you the timeline of Ottoman Empire.
Foundation Of The Ottoman Empire
The ancestor of Ottomans, Ertuğrul Ghazi settled in Söğüt and Domaniç plateaus. It was neighbor to significant cities of Byzantine Empire, İznik (Nicaea) and Bursa (Prussa). These spots are located in Turkey of today.
Ottoman Empire Map Foundation 1299 – At Its Height 1699
Founder and first Sultan, Osman Ghazi had inherited a warlike clan from his father Ertuğrul Ghazi. He soon converted this clan into a Turkish princedom. Sultan Osman leaded his community successfully. He had also been a pioneer of Ottoman kings for expanding the boundaries in the direction of the west.
Ottomans aimed to be the rulers of Europe as well as Asia. The Ottoman Princedom officially established in 1299 by the Osman Ghazi (also known as Othman).
The First Ten Sultans, Rulers, Kings Of Ottoman Empire
Osman Ghazi, Orhan Ghazi, Murad I, Bayezid I, Mehmed I, Murad II, Mehmed II (The Conqueror), Bayezid II, Selim I (The Resolute), Suleiman I (The Magnificent). These accomplished Sultans ruled the Empire from 1299 to 1566. This is the most successful era of Ottoman Empire. In other words: The rise of the Ottoman Empire.
Ottoman Elite Infantry: Janissary Unites In A Battle
Ottomans managed to create a great war-machine named Janissaries. Devşirme refers to the system in which healthful and powerful children are taken from the villages in Eastern Europe and trained in military affairs and religion in Janissary army centers.
Ottoman Janissary Troops Attact In Battle Of Mohacs 1526
Conquest Of Constantinople By Mehmed II
Mehmed II (The Conqueror) was the second most famous ruler of Ottoman Empire (After Suleiman The Magnificent). This map is referring the capturing of Constantinople by the Ottomans. (1453) Ottomans proclaimed the new-conquered city as their new capital. Named it as Konstantiniyye. Its modern name: Istanbul was given in the late Ottoman era.
Map Of Ottoman Empire By The Conquest Of Constantinople
Reign Of Selim I (The Resolute)
Ottomans, which grew into multi-national Empire after the conquest of Constantinople, captured Mecca, Medina, Jerusalem and Egypt during the reign of Selim I (1512-1520). Ottoman Empire dominated the Silk Road stretching from China and Spice Route stretching from India to Europe; therefore, it had a source of endless income.
Selim I’s Conquests In The Middle East
Reign Of Suleiman the Magnificent
The rise of Ottomans hit the top with Suleiman I. Comprehensive reforms were made in law, education, architecture, social life, culture and art and great developments were achieved in these fields. Therefore Sultan Suleiman is mentioned as Suleiman the Magnificent in European history.
Map Of Suleiman The Magnificent’s Empire
Sultanate Of Women
From the time of Suleiman the Magnificent, the era called “Sultanate of Women” started. The wives of the Emperors had strong influence on the administration. This period lasted 1550 to 1656. The first influential Empress of this period considered as the Hürrem Sultan (Also known as Roxelana)
Ottoman Empire kept on expanding even after the death of Sultan Suleiman due to the successful state administration by the scholarly Grand Viziers (Prime Ministers).
Reforms at Ottoman Empire in 18th And 19th Centuries
Social and cultural developments like Renaissance and Reform in Europe did not resonate with Ottomans; as a result of which, Ottomans were left behind in terms of art, culture and military.
During this worsening period for the empire, some able Sultans began modernization periods but their effort could not prevent the empire from going into downfall.
Traditional Janissary units are removed and Nizam-ı Cedit (New Army) is founded as a part of westernization.
Ottoman Soldiers In 19th Century
Decline Of The Ottoman Empire On a Map
This map displays the decline of the Ottoman Empire. The territories that lost from 1829 to 1914 depicted with vivid colours. Constant battles devastated the Ottoman Empire during the 19th century. They fought against Austria and Russia most of the time.
Map Of Ottoman Empire 1800s
Fall Of The Ottoman Empire Map 1914
Ottomans fell after the World War I (1918) They fought alongside with Austria and Germany (Central Powers), therefore large territories were lost to England, Russia and France by the end of the war.
Ottoman army was decisively defeated in major battles except for the Battle of Gallipoli. The allies pushed hard to pass through the Dardanelles to seize the capital, Istanbul, but they failed.
The Ottoman resistance was unexpectedly tough in Çanakkale (Dardanelles). The defence operations lead by a young General, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of Turkish Republic.
Ottoman Empire Map 1914
Turkey Of Today
Turkey is eventually founded from the heartland of the Ottoman Empire. Istanbul is no longer a capital but still the largest and most important city of Turkey. Ankara is the capital of modern day Turkey.
Why Ankara Is The Capital And Not Istanbul?
The first parliament of Modern Turkey is established in Ankara during the post WWI years. Istanbul was under British occupancy. Turkish Independence Army (Led By Mustafa Kemal Ataturk) had to fight against allied powers from 1918 to 1922 to re-gain Anatolia (Asia Minor Peninsula – can be seen on the below map). Operation is led by the members of Turkish Parliament which is based in Ankara.
Maps Of Ottoman Empire With History And Facts
- Notice: Ottoman Empire Maps are picked randomly from the internet. They are used by many people in their blogs. Therefore I do not think the copyright would be a problem. They almost became anonymous on the web. If you think that one of the maps is belongs to your website, I will remove it when you declare it.
By Serhat Engül